Different Types of Emergencies and How Best to Respond to Them

60% of Americans are not prepared for a disaster. Whether the disaster happens at home or at work, it’s essential that everyone knows what to do in an emergency situation.

There are many types of disasters and they all have a different way to resolve them. Some of these include seeking shelter, evacuating, calling 911 or another helpline, or performing a life-saving action such as CPR or using first aid.

Here are the different types of emergencies and how to respond to them.

Types of Emergencies and Scenarios

Whether at home or at work, emergencies can happen everywhere. Here are the most common types of emergencies and how to respond to them.


Accidents come in many forms.

The most common ones include transportation accidents, such as car accidents. But accidents can be more severe. These include fires, hazardous material spills, explosions, structural collapse, or entrapment.

What you do during these accidents depends on what type of accidents you’re enduring.

Most of these accidents require immediate emergency contact. For example, you should call an ambulance if someone is injured in a car accident or call the fire department if there’s a fire.

There are also immediate measures you can do while you wait for an emergency. For example, let’s say you rescued someone involved in a boating accident and they’re unconscious.

Perform CPR or use an AED to ensure they start breathing. You can easily resuscitate the victim while you wait for emergency responders.

Intentional Violence and Harm

There are many accidents caused intentionally by humans. This can be as minor as a civil disturbance or a threat, or as severe as a kidnapping, robbery, and/or an act of terrorism.

The way you react depends on where you are in the situation. If you’re the victim, it can be hard to know how to respond. The best course of action is to keep calm.

For example, if you’re kidnapped, don’t try and get defensive of your kidnapper, but do as they say until you see a chance to escape.

It’s a similar scenario if you’re robbed. Do as the robber says and give them what they want. Contact the police after they leave.

If someone is attacking people in masses, such as in a terrorist attack or a shooting, it’s best to escape as quickly as possible.

Natural Disasters

Natural disasters have many forms. Common ones include earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and other weather-related disasters. Natural disasters can also be disease-related, such as an outbreak of severe diseases.

Fortunately, you can prepare in advanced for many natural disasters. Board up your home during a hurricane.

Find evacuation during a tornado. Earthquakes can happen sporadically; during an earthquake, stay on the floor and hold on to the object closest to you.

If there’s a disease outbreak, there’s not much you can do if there’s no cure. Report any sick loved ones and get them help. Perform CPR or use an AED if they stop breathing.

Technological Disasters

With advancements and our reliance on technology, there’s more concern about technological disasters. These vary between data corruption, cyber attacks, cyber exploitation, malware, denial of service, and power grid blackouts.

These disasters require more preventative measures than anything. For example, if you’re a victim of ransomware, you either re-upload the data from a separate hard drive or you pay the ransom if you don’t have a separate hard drive.

Some technological disasters are extremely rare. Power grid blackouts and other types of mass power outages have only occurred a handful of times. Anything from natural disasters to terrorist attacks can cause these mass outages.

Preventative and backup actions are the most important way to solve these blackouts. It’s also recommended every home has a generator in case they lose power for any reason.

How to Prevent an Expected Incident

Fortunately, many incidents are warned ahead of time. Major storms such as hurricanes are a great example.

The best thing to do is to research the event and know what you have to do. For hurricanes, board up your windows, move all outside décor indoors, and cut down excess trees.

Always have a rescue and evacuation plan lined up.

How to Respond to a Current Emergency Situation

But we can’t predict every disaster. Some, such as intentional harm, medical emergencies, accidents, and technological disasters, can happen at any time. That’s why it’s best to know how to take action.

First and foremost, try and be calm. Remember any education or training you’ve had in the past. CPR is a great example. If necessary, contact emergency services.

How to Prevent a Disaster

There are some things we can do to prevent a disaster in the future. For natural disasters, make sure your home is sturdy and you have necessary supplies on hand.

For accidents, make sure you’re operating all vehicles and machinery correctly. Ensure there’s no structural damage and you’re decreasing your risk of fires and explosives.

For intentional harm, make sure you’re in safe areas, are surrounded by good people, and aren’t flashing expensive possessions (to prevent burglary or robberies).

For technological disasters, make sure all data is backed up and keep a spare generator close by.

It’s also a good idea to have common medical gear on hand. Great examples include an AED and first aid kit.

Purchase Emergency Equipment

There are different types of emergencies and it’s almost impossible to predict when one will happen.

The best course of action is to research emergencies, know what to do, and know how to prevent them. Always have a plan in case something bad occurs to you, a loved one, or anyone nearby.

One of the ways to prevent a disaster is by holding onto common medical supplies. Fortunately, you can easily find these products. We carry a wide selection of products, such as first aid kits and defibrillators. Shop with us today.